Cervical total disc replacement, part I: rationale, biomechanics, and implant types

Orthop Clin North Am. 2005 Jul;36(3):349-54. doi: 10.1016/j.ocl.2005.02.011.


Cervical total disc replacement (TDR) is an attractive alternate to arthrodesis for management of disc degeneration and herniation in the cervical spine. Theoretic advantages of TDR include preservation of normal motion and biomechanics in the cervical spine and reduction of adjacent-segment degeneration. Other potential advantages include faster return to normal activity and elimination of the need for bone graft and associated donor site morbidity. This article introduces the rationale and various implant types available for cervical TDR. Part 2 of this series reviews the results and complications of specific implant designs.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / instrumentation*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement / methods
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Cervical Vertebrae / pathology
  • Cervical Vertebrae / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intervertebral Disc / pathology
  • Intervertebral Disc / surgery*
  • Joint Prosthesis*
  • Male
  • Materials Testing
  • Pain Measurement
  • Prognosis
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Radiography
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Recovery of Function
  • Risk Assessment
  • Spinal Osteophytosis / diagnostic imaging
  • Spinal Osteophytosis / surgery*
  • Treatment Outcome