A wide range of approaches has been applied to examine the quaternary structure of G protein-coupled receptors, the basis of such protein-protein interactions and how such interactions might modulate the pharmacology and function of these receptors. These include co-immunoprecipitation, various adaptations of resonance energy transfer techniques, functional complementation studies and the analysis of ligand-binding data. Each of the available techniques has limitations that restrict interpretation of the data. However, taken together, they provide a coherent body of evidence indicating that many, if not all, G protein-coupled receptors exist and function as dimer/oligomers. Herein we assess the widely applied techniques and discuss the relative benefits and limitations of these approaches.