Chromosome walking shows a highly homologous repetitive sequence present in all the centromere regions of fission yeast

EMBO J. 1986 May;5(5):1011-21.

Abstract

By cloning centromere-linked genes followed by partial overlapping hybridization, we constructed a 210-kb map encompassing the centromere in chromosome II and a 60-kp map near the centromere of chromosome I in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe which has three chromosomes. Integration of the cloned sequences into the chromosome and subsequent analyses of tetrads and dyads revealed an approximately 50 kb long domain located in the middle of the 210-kb map, tightly linked to the centromere and greatly reduced in meiotic recombination. This domain contained at least two classes of repetitive sequences. One, designated yn1, was specifically present in a particular chromosome and repeated three times in the 210-kb map of chromosome II. The other, designated dg, was located in all the centromere regions of three chromosomes. One (dgI) and two (dgIIa, dgIIb) copies of the dg were found in the maps of chromosomes I and II, respectively. The dgIIa and dgIIb were arranged with a 20-kb interval within the repetitive domain. In the centric region of chromosome II, 3-4 copies of the dg appeared to exist. By determining the nucleotide sequences of dgI and dgIIa, the dg was identified to be 3.8 kb long. The sequence homology was 99% between dgI and dgIIa. These extraordinarily homologous sequences seemed not to be transcribed into RNA nor to be encoding any protein. The larger part of the dg sequence was internally non-repetitious, a 600-bp region existed which consisted of stretches of several short repeating units. The structures in or surrounding the centromeres of S. pombe appear to be much more complex than those of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Base Sequence
  • Centromere / genetics*
  • Chromosome Walking*
  • Chromosomes, Fungal / genetics*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Cosmids / genetics
  • Genes, Fungal / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plasmids / genetics
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid / genetics*
  • Schizosaccharomyces / genetics*
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid