Work environmental factors and retention of nurses

J Nurs Care Qual. 2005 Jul-Sep;20(3):283-8. doi: 10.1097/00001786-200507000-00015.


Perceptions of the work environment were studied among acute care nurses working in a large county hospital who left their units during an 18-month period, compared to those who stayed. Analysis using Moos' work environment subscales suggests that the nurses who remained in their units perceived less work pressure and had greater perception of peer cohesion, supervisor support, and autonomy than nurses who left. Moos' Work Environment Scale suggests that a supportive work environment enables nurses to provide quality patient care, enhance their own self-esteem, increase job satisfaction, and provide cost savings to their employers. Such an environment promotes retention of skilled, caring, knowledgeable, and experienced nurses who provide better patient care with fewer complications, and reduces the economic and social costs of healthcare for both providers and consumers.

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease / nursing
  • Adult
  • Attitude of Health Personnel*
  • Burnout, Professional / prevention & control
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • California
  • Female
  • Health Facility Environment / organization & administration*
  • Hospitals, County
  • Humans
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Job Satisfaction*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nursing Administration Research
  • Nursing Methodology Research
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital* / organization & administration
  • Nursing Staff, Hospital* / psychology
  • Nursing, Supervisory / organization & administration
  • Occupational Health
  • Organizational Culture
  • Personnel Turnover / statistics & numerical data*
  • Quality Assurance, Health Care
  • Self Concept
  • Social Support
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Workplace* / organization & administration
  • Workplace* / psychology