Eighteen-year follow-up of a patient with partial hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase deficiency and a new mutation

Pediatr Nephrol. 2005 Sep;20(9):1346-8. doi: 10.1007/s00467-005-1935-4. Epub 2005 Jun 18.


Hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase (HPRT) deficiency is an inherited disorder. Complete deficiency of HPRT activity is phenotypically expressed as the devastating Lesch-Nyhan syndrome. Partial HPRT deficiency usually causes hyperuricemia, precocious gout, and uric acid nephrolithiasis. We describe an 18-year follow-up of a 5-year old boy with partial HPRT deficiency and report a novel mutation in his HPRT gene. He presented with overproduction of uric acid and passage of uric acid renal stones, and without gout or neurological and behavioral abnormalities. Treatment with allopurinol, adequate hydration, urinary alkalization, and a low-purine diet was started. No subsequent nephrolithiasis has occurred. After 18-year of this therapy his physical and neuropsychological status were normal, merely his glomerular filtration rate (GFR, normal 97-137 mL min(-1)/1.73 m(2)) fell from normal to 65.1 mL min(-1). The most likely cause of initial renal impairment in our patient is uric and/or xanthine crystalluria. A missense and transition mutation 169A>G (57ATG>GTG, 57met>val) in exon 3 of the patient's HPRT gene was identified and the mother was the carrier of the mutation. As far as we are aware, the identified mutation has not previously been reported. We named the mutant HPRT Maribor.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Allopurinol / therapeutic use
  • Child, Preschool
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Hyperuricemia / drug therapy
  • Hyperuricemia / etiology
  • Hyperuricemia / genetics*
  • Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase / deficiency
  • Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase / genetics*
  • Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome / complications
  • Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome / genetics*
  • Male
  • Point Mutation
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Uric Acid / metabolism
  • Urinary Calculi / etiology
  • Urinary Calculi / genetics


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Uric Acid
  • Allopurinol
  • Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase