Total heart replacement with dual centrifugal ventricular assist devices

ASAIO J. 2005 May-Jun;51(3):224-9. doi: 10.1097/01.mat.0000160400.84250.87.


In an ovine feasibility study, we implanted two HeartMate-III centrifugal ventricular assist devices (VADs) for total heart replacement. With cardiopulmonary bypass support, both ventricles were transected at the atrioventricular groove, preserving a rim of ventricular tissue. The atrioventricular valves were excised, and the aorta and pulmonary artery were transected above the ventriculoarterial valves. An interatrial septal window was created by excising the foramen ovale. The VADs' sewing rings were attached to the left and right ventricular remnants, respectively. Outflow grafts were anastomosed to the aorta and pulmonary artery. The left VAD operated continuously at 4,500 rpm. Right VAD speed increased from 2,000 to 4,500 rpm in 500 rpm increments. Outflow graft flow, pressure, oxygen saturation, and shunt direction were recorded. The pulmonary artery to aortic ratio of flow and pressure increased from 0.26 and 0.15 (at 2,000 rpm) to 1.21 and 0.53, respectively (at 4,500 rpm). The interatrial shunt, which was right to left at lower right VAD speeds, progressed to bidirectional, then to left dominant as right VAD speed increased. Outflow-graft oxygen saturation was reflective of the shunt direction. In this acute experiment, total heart replacement with continuous flow VADs satisfactorily balanced left and right ventricular flows and preserved the physiologic circulatory response.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiopulmonary Bypass
  • Centrifugation
  • Coronary Circulation
  • Heart-Assist Devices*
  • Sheep