Modeling resistance to pathway-targeted therapy in ovarian cancer

Cell Cycle. 2005 Aug;4(8):1004-6. doi: 10.4161/cc.4.8.1869. Epub 2005 Aug 25.

Abstract

A detailed understanding of the biochemical pathways that are responsible for cancer initiation and maintenance is critical to designing targeted cancer therapy. Although we have accumulated knowledge about individual molecular changes that underlie cancer development, we are still learning how multiple biochemical pathways cooperate in cancer. This cooperation and cross-talk between redundant biochemical pathways appear to be the main reasons for the failure of therapeutic agents that are designed to interfere with a specific molecular target. In order to simulate the cooperation of several biochemical pathways in cancer development, we have engineered mouse ovarian cancer cell lines and tumors with different combinations of defined genetic alterations. We have used this system to determine the functional contributions of individual pathways that are necessary for cell proliferation and tumor maintenance, as well as to test the molecular mechanisms of tumor resistance to pathway-targeted therapy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology
  • Biochemistry / methods
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Drug Resistance, Neoplasm*
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Models, Biological
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases

Substances

  • Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • EIF4EBP1 protein, human
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Protein Kinases
  • MTOR protein, human
  • TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • mTOR protein, mouse