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, 6 (7), 655-61

AID to Overcome the Limitations of Genomic Information


AID to Overcome the Limitations of Genomic Information

Tasuku Honjo et al. Nat Immunol.


The limitations of genomic information forced our ancestors to adopt a strategy for introducing somatic DNA alterations with the risk of genome instability. Although activation-induced deaminase (AID) is involved in DNA cleavage in somatic hypermutation and class-switch recombination, its mechanism of action has been debated extensively, with the two main hypotheses being distinguished by the chief target of AID: RNA or DNA. The principle distinction between the two hypotheses is the requirement for translation of edited mRNA or uracil removal from DNA for DNA cleavage. Although a series of experiments has provided support for the 'RNA-editing' hypothesis and requires reevaluation of the 'DNA-deamination' hypothesis, definitive proof is yet to come.

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