The GE/CGR Neurocam is a triple-headed single photon emission tomography (SPET) system dedicated to multi-slice brain tomography. We have assessed its physical performance in terms of sensitivity and resolution, and its clinical efficacy in comparison with a modern, single rotating gamma-camera (GE 400XCT). Using a water-filled cylinder containing technetium-99m, the tomographic volume sensitivity of the Neurocam was 30.0 and 50.7 kcps/MBq.ml.cm for the high-resolution (HR) and general-purpose (GP) collimators, respectively; the corresponding values for the single rotating camera were 7.6 and 12.8 kcps/(MBq/ml)/cm. Tomographic resolution was measured in air and in water. In air, the Neurocam resolution at the cente of the field-of-view (FOV) is 9.0 and 10.7 mm full width at half-maximum (FWHM) with the HR and GP collimators, respectively, and is isotropic in the three orthogonal planes; the resolution of the GE 400XCT with 13 cm radius of rotation is 10.3 and 11.7 mm, respectively. For the Neurocam with the HR collimator, the transaxial FWHM values in water were 9.7 mm at the centre and 9.5 mm radial (6.6 mm tangential) at 8 cm from the centre. The physical characteristics of the Neurocam enable the routine acquisition of brain perfusion data with technetium-99m hexamethyl-propylene amine oxime (99mTc-HMPAO) in about 14 min, yielding better image quality than with a single rotating camera in 40 min.