The treatment of bullous rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1992;230(3):218-20. doi: 10.1007/BF00176291.


We describe the results of a consecutive series of 97 cases of bullous superior retinal detachment treated by conventional surgery. The retinal detachments were characterized by either a single retinal break or multiple retinal breaks confined within 1 clock hour and no proliferative vitreoretinopathy. The surgery involved sequential drainage of subretinal fluid, injection of air, cryotherapy and the application of local explant. All cases would otherwise be suitable for pneumatic retinopexy. The anatomical success rate was 85.5% with a single operation and 97% with further procedures. We report on the complications encountered and appraise the advantages and disadvantages of this operation. Forty-five of the 97 cases had detachment of the macula for less than 2 weeks, and 35 of the 45 (80%) achieved a visual acuity of 6/18 or better. These visual results challenge the assertion that better visual outcome might be attained with pneumatic retinopexy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Air
  • Cryosurgery*
  • Drainage
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postoperative Complications
  • Retinal Detachment / surgery*
  • Retinal Perforations / surgery
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Visual Acuity