Psychosocial correlates of nutritional risk in older adults

Can J Diet Pract Res. 2005 Summer;66(2):95-7. doi: 10.3148/66.2.2005.95.


The psychosocial correlates of nutritional risk among older adults were examined in a study involving 54 people over age 65 (range, 65 to 98; average, 81), who were selected through a convenience sampling strategy. Measures included a background questionnaire, Mini Nutritional Assessment, Life Satisfaction Index Form Z, Geriatric Depression Scale, and Lubben's Social Network Scale. Seventeen percent of participants were found to be at risk of malnutrition. Compared with those who had adequate nutrition, at-risk participants had lower levels of social support (approaching statistical significance, p=0.08) and life satisfaction (not significant), and significantly higher levels of depression (p=0.04). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that depression and social support were significant correlates of nutritional risk (p=0.01). Nutrition professionals should have a multidisciplinary perspective when they assess older adults' nutritional status.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Depression / complications
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment*
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Nutrition Assessment*
  • Nutrition Disorders / epidemiology
  • Nutrition Disorders / etiology
  • Nutrition Disorders / psychology*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Regression Analysis
  • Risk Assessment*
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Support