Nonsurgical approaches for the treatment of periodontal diseases

Dent Clin North Am. 2005 Jul;49(3):611-36, vii. doi: 10.1016/j.cden.2005.03.010.


This article reviews nonsurgical approaches for the management of periodontal diseases. A brief review of the pathogenesis of periodontitis allows the reader to identify the potential points of intervention. Assessment of risk factors for periodontitis and the potential for risk reduction are introduced as the first part of a three-pronged approach to therapy. Antimicrobial approaches, including the use of mechanical therapy, antiseptics, and antibiotics,are described next. Host modulatory therapy is addressed as the fi-nal component of the nonsurgical approach to periodontal therapy. Clinical applications of these nonsurgical options are presented as part of the treatment strategy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / therapeutic use
  • Dental Prophylaxis
  • Humans
  • Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use
  • Oral Hygiene
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Periodontal Diseases / etiology
  • Periodontal Diseases / therapy*
  • Periodontitis / etiology
  • Periodontitis / therapy
  • Risk Assessment


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Immunologic Factors