Arsenic trioxide induces Hsp70 expression via reactive oxygen species and JNK pathway in MDA231 cells

Life Sci. 2005 Oct 14;77(22):2783-93. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2005.04.024.


In the present study, we determined the molecular pathways that induce the heat shock proteins (Hsps) after treatment of cells with arsenic trioxide. Administration of arsenic trioxide to MDA231 cells leads to induce Hsp70, which is accompanied by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). We showed that arsenic trioxide-induced Hsp70 expression was caused by activation of ROS and prevented by the antioxidant N-Acetyl-Cysteine (NAC). SP600125 and dominant-negative SEK suppressed Hsp70 promoter-driven reporter gene expression, suggesting that JNK would be preferentially associated with the protective heat shock response against arsenic trioxide stress. In addition, SP600125, a specific JNK inhibitor, significantly reduced the amount of phosphorylated HSF1 upon administration of arsenic trioxide. It is likely that Hsp70 expression against arsenic trioxide exposure protects cells from oxidative injury and apoptotic cell death by means of JNK activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcysteine / pharmacology
  • Anthracenes / pharmacology
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Arsenicals / pharmacology*
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects*
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism*
  • Heat Shock Transcription Factors
  • Humans
  • Luciferases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / metabolism*
  • Oxides / pharmacology*
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism


  • Anthracenes
  • Arsenicals
  • DNA Primers
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • HSF1 protein, human
  • HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins
  • Heat Shock Transcription Factors
  • Oxides
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Transcription Factors
  • pyrazolanthrone
  • Luciferases
  • MAP Kinase Kinase 4
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Acetylcysteine