The Frequency and Pattern of Cardiotoxicity Observed With Capecitabine Used in Conjunction With Oxaliplatin in Patients Treated for Advanced Colorectal Cancer (CRC)

Eur J Cancer. 2005 Jul;41(11):1542-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2005.03.027.

Abstract

We examined the cardiotoxicity in 153 patients treated with capecitabine and oxaliplatin in two prospective trials for advanced colorectal cancer. Ten patients (6.5%) developed cardiac events. One patient (0.7%) had sudden death, one patient developed cardiac failure with raised troponin I while another developed ventricular tachycardia (VT). The remaining seven patients (4.6%) experienced angina and three of the seven patients had raised troponin I, one of which developed ventricular fibrillation. Eight events occurred within cycle 1 (median cycle 1 day 10). Four patients with angina and one patient with VT recovered on stopping capecitabine, four patients required additional medical management and the remaining patient died suddenly at home. Patients with ischaemic heart disease appeared to be at increased risk. Physicians and patients need to be aware of these complications, so that prompt discontinuation of treatment and appropriate interventions may be instituted.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects*
  • Capecitabine
  • Clinical Trials as Topic
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / adverse effects
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Female
  • Fluorouracil / analogs & derivatives
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia / chemically induced*
  • Organoplatinum Compounds / administration & dosage
  • Organoplatinum Compounds / adverse effects*
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Thromboembolism / chemically induced

Substances

  • Organoplatinum Compounds
  • Oxaliplatin
  • Deoxycytidine
  • Capecitabine
  • Fluorouracil