Group crisis intervention for children during ongoing war conflict

Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2005 Aug;14(5):262-9. doi: 10.1007/s00787-005-0466-7.


The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term impact of a group crisis intervention for children aged 9-15 years from five refugee camps in the Gaza Strip during ongoing war conflict. Children were selected if they reported moderate to severe posttraumatic stress reactions, and were allocated to group intervention (N=47) encouraging expression of experiences and emotions through storytelling, drawing, free play and role-play; education about symptoms (N=22); or no intervention (N=42). Children completed the CPTSD-RI and the CDI pre- and post-intervention. No significant impact of the group intervention was established on children's posttraumatic or depressive symptoms. Possible explanations of the findings are discussed, including the continuing exposure to trauma and the non-active nature of the intervention.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Crisis Intervention / methods*
  • Depression / etiology*
  • Depression / prevention & control*
  • Education
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle East
  • Play and Playthings
  • Psychotherapy, Group*
  • Refugees / psychology*
  • Role Playing
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / etiology*
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic / prevention & control*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Warfare*