Binding of a nuclear factor to a consensus sequence in the 5' flanking region of zein genes from maize

EMBO J. 1987 Jan;6(1):17-22.


The genomic organization of the zein structural genes and of regulatory loci influencing their expression suggests that control of zein gene expression will involve interactions between cis elements in the flanking DNA sequences and products from trans-acting genes. The interaction between fragments from the 5' flanking region of a zein gene and specific, double-stranded oligonucleotides with crude nuclear extracts from maize endosperm have been studied by nitrocellulose filter binding, gel retention and DNase I footprinting assays. Specific binding of a nuclear factor was observed and the exact position of the protein binding site was determined. The 22-nt binding site included 14 bp of a 15-bp sequence conserved in all zein genes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Consensus Sequence / genetics*
  • DNA Footprinting
  • Genes, Plant / genetics*
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Protein Binding / genetics
  • Zea mays / genetics*
  • Zein / genetics*


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Plant Proteins
  • Zein