Protein kinase C in melanoma

Cancer Metastasis Rev. 2005 Jun;24(2):287-300. doi: 10.1007/s10555-005-1578-8.


Protein kinase C (PKC) is activated by diacylglycerol generated by receptor-mediated hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids to mediate signals for cell growth and plays as a target of tumor-promoting phorbol esters in malignant transformation. PKC is a family of enzymes and their expression profiles have been examined in the normal melanocytes and melanoma cells, and studies have been carried out on the functions of PKC isoforms in proliferation, transformation, and metastasis of melanoma cells. Here, we summarize current knowledge of the expression and possible roles of the PKC family in melanoma in comparison with those of normal melanocytes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Humans
  • Melanocytes / enzymology*
  • Melanoma / enzymology*
  • Melanoma / physiopathology*
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Protein Kinase C / biosynthesis
  • Protein Kinase C / metabolism*
  • Skin Neoplasms / enzymology*
  • Skin Neoplasms / physiopathology*


  • Protein Kinase C