Plasma phospholipid metabolic profiling and biomarkers of type 2 diabetes mellitus based on high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray mass spectrometry and multivariate statistical analysis

Anal Chem. 2005 Jul 1;77(13):4108-16. doi: 10.1021/ac0481001.


Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) followed by multivariate statistical analysis has been successfully applied to the plasma phospholipids metabolic profiling in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2). Principal components analysis and partial least-squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) models were tested and compared in class separation between the DM2 and control. The application of an orthogonal signal correction filtered model highly improved the class distinction and predictive power of PLS-DA models. Additionally, unit variance scaling was also tested. With this methodology, it was possible not only to differentiate the DM2 from the control but also to discover and identify the potential biomarkers with LC/MS/MS. The proposed method shows that LC/MS combining with multivariate statistical analysis is a complement or an alternative to NMR for metabonomics applications.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers / analysis*
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Phospholipids / blood*
  • Phospholipids / metabolism
  • Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization / methods*


  • Biomarkers
  • Phospholipids