Purpose: To compare the safety and intraocular pressure (IOP)-lowering efficacy of travoprost 0.004%/timolol 0.5% fixed combination ophthalmic solution (Trav/Tim) to its components travoprost 0.004% ophthalmic solution, TRAVATAN, (Trav) and timolol 0.5% ophthalmic solution (Tim) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Design: Randomized multicenter, double-masked, active-controlled, parallel group study.
Methods: Two hundred sixty-three patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension were randomized to receive Trav/Tim once daily AM (and vehicle PM), Trav once daily PM (and vehicle AM), or Tim twice daily (AM and PM). Efficacy and safety were compared across treatment groups over 3 months.
Results: Trav/Tim produced a mean IOP decrease from baseline of 1.9 mm Hg to 3.3 mm Hg more than Tim, with a significant decrease in mean IOP at each of the nine study visits (P < or = .003). Trav/Tim decreased mean IOP by 0.9 mm Hg to 2.4 mm Hg more than Trav, with a significant decrease in mean IOP at seven of the nine study visits (P < or = .05). The adverse event profile for Trav/Tim was comparable to Trav or Tim alone.
Conclusions: Over the 3 months of treatment, Trav/Tim produced clinically relevant IOP reductions in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension that were greater than those produced by either Trav or Tim alone. The clinical results that Trav/Tim was safe and well tolerated with an incidence of adverse events was comparable to the results of Trav or Tim alone. Trav/Tim provides both more effective IOP reduction than its components and the benefits of once-daily dosing.