A new hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated channel from sea urchin sperm flagella

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Aug 19;334(1):96-101. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.06.074.


A sea urchin sperm flagellar hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channel is known (SpHCN1) that is modulated by cAMP. Here, we describe a second flagellar HCN channel (SpHCN2) cloned from the same sea urchin species. SpHCN2 is 638 amino acids compared to 767 for SpHCN1. SpHCN2 has all the domains of an HCN channel, including six transmembrane segments (S1-S6), the ion pore, and the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain. The two full-length proteins are 33% identical and 51% similar. The six transmembrane segments vary from 46-79% identity. S4, which is the voltage sensor, is 79% identical between the two proteins. The ion selectivity filter sequence is GYG in the ion pore of SpHCN1 and GFG in SpHCN2. By sequence, SpHCN2 is 73.5kDa, but it migrates on SDS-PAGE at 64kDa. Western immunoblots show localization to flagella, which is confirmed by immunofluorescence. A neighbor-joining tree shows that SpHCN2 is basal to all known HCN channels. SpHCN2 might be the simplest pacemaker channel yet discovered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Ion Channels / analysis
  • Ion Channels / chemistry*
  • Ion Channels / genetics
  • Ion Channels / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Molecular Weight
  • Sea Urchins / cytology
  • Sea Urchins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sperm Tail / metabolism*


  • Ion Channels