Screening for retinopathy in the pediatric patient with type 1 diabetes mellitus

Pediatrics. 2005 Jul;116(1):270-3. doi: 10.1542/peds.2005-0875.


Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in young adults in the United States. Early identification and treatment of DR can decrease the risk of vision loss in affected patients. This clinical report reviews the risk factors for the development of DR and screening guidance for pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / diagnosis*
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / prevention & control
  • Diabetic Retinopathy / therapy
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors