Although data are limited for preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation, benefit can be inferred largely from studies done on COPD and pulmonary rehabilitation because of the similarity of patient populations. Although underlying lung function is unchanged, patients who undergo preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation seem to experience an enhanced quality of life and increased functional capacity. Likewise, multidisciplinary rehabilitation programs can result in better patient compliance with medications and smoking cessation and decreased use of various health care resources. Although pulmonary rehabilitation works to benefit patients anticipating surgery, it also represents a valuable treatment alternative to patients who are poor surgical candidates. Pulmonary rehabilitation seems to be a cost-effective, benign intervention with no adverse effects and should remain an essential component of patient management before lung transplantation, LVRS, lung resection, and potentially any other elective thoracic surgical procedure.