Interleukin (IL)-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced by activated memory CD4 T cells, which regulates pulmonary neutrophil emigration by the induction of CXC chemokines and cytokines. IL-17 constitutes a potential target for pharmacotherapy against exaggerated neutrophil recruitment in airway diseases. As a cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory gaseous molecule, carbon monoxide (CO) may also regulate IL-17-induced inflammatory responses in pulmonary cells. Herein, we examine the production of cytokine IL-6 induced by IL-17 and the effect of CO on IL-17-induced IL-6 production in human pulmonary epithelial cell A549. We first show that IL-17 can induce A549 cells to release IL-6 and that CO can markedly inhibit IL-17-induced IL-6 production. IL-17 activated the ERK1/2 MAPK pathway but did not affect p38 and JNK MAPK pathways. CO exposure selectively attenuated IL-17-induced ERK1/ERK2 MAPK activation without significantly affecting either JNK or p38 MAPK activation. Furthermore, in the presence of U0126 and PD-98059, selective inhibitors of MEK1/2, IL-17-induced IL-6 production was significantly attenuated. We conclude that CO inhibits IL-17-stimulated inflammatory response via the ERK1/2-dependent pathway.