Background: This study aims to compare serum C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients before versus after receiving renal transplantation (RT) and versus donors.
Methods: Serum samples from 37 ESRD patients (24 male, age 34+/-13 years) were collected before and after RT; in addition, samples from 31 donors were obtained at transplantation. CRP concentrations were measured using nephelometry, and TNF-alpha and IL-6 were measured by enzyme-linked immunoadsorbent assay.
Results: Ninety-two percent of recipients had a living donor, 73% received cyclosporine A, 27% tacrolimus, and 70% induction with daclizumab. Thirteen percent had acute rejection and 16% chronic allograft nephropathy. All inflammation markers decreased 6 months after RT, but only CRP was below baseline values (baseline: 5.0+/-3.5; 6 months: 3.0+/-0; 12 months: 3.2+/-0.7; 18 months: 3.2+/-0.6; donors: 3.6+/-1.5 mg/L; P<0.05), whereas median TNF-alpha (baseline: 0.1 [0.03-0.2]; 6 months: 0 [0-0.1]; 12 months: 0.3 [0.1-2.6]; 18 months: 0.6 [0.1-1.9]; donors: 0 [0-0.1] pg/mL; P<0.05) and IL-6 (baseline: 1.9 [1.2-7.1]; 6 months: 1.2 [0.6-28.3]; 12 months: 2.6 [1.3-3.4]; 18 months: 2.7 [1.7-4.2]; donors: 1.1 [0.6-1.9] pg/mL; P<0.05) significantly increased up to the end of follow-up. Before RT, CRP correlated with age (r 0.45, P=0.006) and albumin (r -0.36, P=0.04). TNF-alpha and IL-6 were correlated before (r 0.34, P=0.04) and after (r 0.55, P=0.02) RT. Inflammation markers were not different in patients who had acute rejection episodes or chronic nephropathy.
Conclusions: Compared with controls, patients displayed an inflammatory phenomenon before receiving RT. Serum CRP decreased significantly after RT, whereas TNFalpha and IL-6 increased.