Pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic comparison of a novel multiligand somatostatin analog, SOM230, with octreotide in patients with acromegaly

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2005 Jul;78(1):69-80. doi: 10.1016/j.clpt.2005.04.003.


Objective: Acromegaly is a serious hormonal disorder resulting from a pituitary adenoma causing excess growth hormone (GH) production. Somatostatin analogs such as octreotide have been the medical treatment of choice. SOM230, a novel somatostatin analog, was compared with octreotide with respect to pharmacokinetic (PK) profiles and inhibition of GH secretion in acromegalic patients.

Methods: In a double-blind, 3-period, crossover, proof-of-concept study, 12 patients with active acromegaly were randomized to single subcutaneous doses of SOM230 (100 and 250 microg) and octreotide (100 microg). Concentrations of SOM230, octreotide, and GH were determined at designated times after dosing and at baseline. The PK properties of SOM230 and octreotide and the relationship of PK with GH were investigated by a nonlinear mixed-effects modeling analysis.

Results: The apparent clearance for SOM230 is approximately half of that for octreotide (8.0 L/h versus 15.8 L/h). The elimination half-life for SOM230 is about 5 times longer than that for octreotide (11.8 hours versus 2.3 hours). The relationship between GH levels and plasma concentrations of SOM230 and octreotide is well described by a direct inhibitory model. The test drug concentration level at which half of the maximum drug effect is observed (EC50) is 46 and 553 pg/mL for octreotide and SOM230, respectively, with large interpatient variability (coefficients of variation, 164% and 65%, respectively), mainly attributable to the heterogeneous responses among patients.

Conclusions: SOM230 demonstrates a lower clearance and longer half-life than octreotide, which compensates for the lower potency in GH inhibition. As a result of the lower interpatient variability for EC50 , SOM230 is expected to have a more uniform clinical GH inhibition than octreotide for acromegalic patients at a clinically effective dosing regimen.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acromegaly / blood
  • Acromegaly / diagnosis
  • Acromegaly / drug therapy*
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Algorithms
  • Body Weight
  • Circadian Rhythm / drug effects
  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic
  • Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Administration Schedule
  • Female
  • Human Growth Hormone / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Human Growth Hormone / blood
  • Humans
  • Injections, Subcutaneous
  • Luminescent Measurements
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Biological
  • Octreotide / blood
  • Octreotide / pharmacology*
  • Octreotide / therapeutic use
  • Sex Factors
  • Somatostatin / analogs & derivatives*
  • Somatostatin / blood
  • Somatostatin / pharmacology*
  • Somatostatin / therapeutic use


  • Human Growth Hormone
  • Somatostatin
  • pasireotide
  • Octreotide