The prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) in a group of Italian school children

Eur J Paediatr Dent. 2005 Jun;6(2):79-83.

Abstract

Aim: This epidemiological study in a group of Italian children was undertaken in order to increase our knowledge of the prevalence of Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) in different European countries.

Method: A population of school children aged 7.3 - 8.3 years, living in Lissone, Northern Italy, was examined for the presence and severity of MIH.

Results: Of a total of 227 children (113 females), 31 (13.7%) had MIH, the tooth prevalence in the permanent first molars being 5.8%. Fifteen children (6.6%) had demarcated opacities in the incisors with a tooth prevalence of 2.1%. The defects in the molars were mild with the exception of one child who had severe defects.

Conclusion: MIH was quite common in this Italian town, and the prevalence figures were near those reported in Scandinavian countries but clearly higher than those from Dresden, Germany.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incisor* / abnormalities
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Molar* / abnormalities
  • Tooth Demineralization / epidemiology*