cDNA cloning, genomic structure and expression analysis of the goose (Anser cygnoides) MHC class I gene

Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2005 Sep 15;107(3-4):291-302. doi: 10.1016/j.vetimm.2005.05.005.


To provide data for studies on avian disease resistance, goose MHC class I cDNA (Ancy-MHC I) was cloned from a goose cDNA library, it's genomic structure and expression analysis were investigated. The mature peptides of Ancy-MHC I cDNA encoded 333 amino acids. The genomic organization is composed of eight exons and seven introns. Based on the genetic distance, six Ancy-MHC I genes from six individuals can be classified into four lineages. A total of nineteen amino acid positions in peptide-binding domain showed high scores by Wu-kabat index analysis. The Ancy-MHC I amino acid sequence displayed seven critical HLA-A2 amino acids that bind with antigen polypeptides, and have an 85.4-98.9% amino acid homology with each genes, and a 59.8-66.0% amino acid homology with chicken MHC class I. Expression analyses using Q-RT-PCR to detect the tissue-specific expression of Ancy-MHC I mRNA in an adult goose. The result appeared that Ancy-MHC I cDNA was expressed in the liver, spleen, intestine, kidney, lung, pancreas, heart, brain, and skin. The phylogenetic tree appears to branch in an order consistent with accepted evolutionary pathways.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA, Complementary / genetics
  • Exons
  • Geese / genetics*
  • Geese / immunology*
  • Gene Expression
  • Gene Library
  • Genes, MHC Class I*
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / chemistry
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / genetics
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class I