Open- or closed-kinetic chain exercises after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction?

Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2005 Jul;33(3):134-40. doi: 10.1097/00003677-200507000-00006.


Open-kinetic chain (OKC) and closed-kinetic chain (CKC) exercises may not differ in their effects on the healing response of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-reconstructed knee. Recent biomechanical studies have shown that the peak strains produced on a graft are similar. Clinical studies suggest that both play a beneficial role in the early rehabilitation of the reconstructed knee.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / physiopathology
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament / surgery*
  • Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Knee Injuries / physiopathology
  • Knee Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Knee Injuries / surgery*
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Recovery of Function
  • Treatment Outcome