Smokeless tobacco use and the risk of Parkinson's disease mortality

Mov Disord. 2005 Oct;20(10):1383-4. doi: 10.1002/mds.20587.


We examined the association between smokeless tobacco use and Parkinson's disease (PD) mortality as assessed by death certificate in a prospective cohort of 95,981 never-smoking men. In this cohort, smokeless tobacco use is inversely associated with PD mortality, with an age-adjusted risk of 0.22 (0.07-0.67) among current users compared to never users.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Parkinson Disease / epidemiology*
  • Parkinson Disease / mortality
  • Prevalence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Tobacco Use Disorder / epidemiology*
  • Tobacco, Smokeless*