Determinants of disciplinary practices in low-income black mothers

Child Dev. 1992 Jun;63(3):573-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.1992.tb01647.x.


Disciplinary attitudes and practices of low-income black mothers were examined. Mothers were interviewed about their parenting attitudes and control practices, and their responses were coded in terms of the degree to which they took a parent-versus a child-oriented approach to discipline. Mothers in the sample varied widely in their attitudes toward physical punishment, and mothers who used power-assertive techniques were as likely to take the child's perspective and give input into the socialization process as those who did not. Factors associated with maternal disciplinary styles included: maternal education, father absence, maternal age, and self-reported religious beliefs. Findings are discussed in terms of the variability in disciplinary practices in this population, as well as the factors contributing to these individual differences.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • African Americans / psychology*
  • Child
  • Child Rearing*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cooperative Behavior
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internal-External Control
  • Male
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Social Environment
  • Socialization