Resveratrol, a phenolic antioxidant with effects on blood platelet functions

Platelets. 2005 Aug;16(5):251-60. doi: 10.1080/09537100400020591.

Abstract

The main purpose of this article is to provide an overview of the currently available evidence of antiplatelet properties of resveratrol (3,4('),5-trihydroxystilbene). Resveratrol, a phenolic compound found naturally in fruits, nuts, flowers, seeds and bark of different plants is integral part of human diet. It exhibits a wide range of biological effects, including antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimutagenic and antifungal properties. It is also a potent antioxidant, reactive oxygen species scavenger and metal chelators. Resveratrol reduces lipid peroxidation, oxidation and nitration of platelet and plasma proteins. This review article describes the chemical structure of resveratrol, its biological activity, the effects on blood platelet functions and the mechanisms involved in its action on blood platelets, the cells which play an important role not only in the haemostatic process, but also in pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Blood Platelets / drug effects*
  • Blood Platelets / physiology
  • Humans
  • Platelet Activation / drug effects
  • Platelet Aggregation / drug effects
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / chemistry
  • Stilbenes / pharmacology*

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors
  • Stilbenes
  • Resveratrol