Effect of itopride, a new prokinetic, in patients with mild GERD: a pilot study

World J Gastroenterol. 2005 Jul 21;11(27):4210-4. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v11.i27.4210.

Abstract

Aim: Itopride is a newly developed prokinetic agent, which enhances gastric motility through both antidopaminergic and anti-acetylcholinesterasic actions. The importance of esophageal motor dysfunction in the pathogenesis of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) makes it interesting to examine the effect of itopride on esophageal acid exposure.

Methods: The effect of itopride on esophageal acid reflux variables for 24 h was studied in 26 patients with GERD symptoms, pre-entry total acid exposure time (pH<4) of more than 5% and mild esophagitis (Savary-Miller grades I, II) proven by endoscopy. Ambulatory 24-h pH-metry and symptom assessment were performed after treatments with 150 or 300 mg itopride thrice a day (t.i.d.) for 30 d in random order, using an open label method. For evaluating the safety of itopride, blood biochemical laboratory test was performed and the serum prolactin level was also examined before and after treatment.

Results: Total symptom score was significantly decreased after treatment in 150- or 300-mg group. Itopride 300 mg was significantly effective than 150 mg on decreasing the total per cent time with pH<4, total time with pH<4 and DeMeester score. No serious adverse effects were observed with administration of itopride in both groups.

Conclusion: Itopride 100 mg t.i.d. is effective on decreasing pathologic reflux in patient with GERD and therefore it has the potential to be effective in the treatment of this disease.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Benzamides / administration & dosage*
  • Benzamides / adverse effects
  • Benzyl Compounds / administration & dosage*
  • Benzyl Compounds / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Gastric Emptying / drug effects*
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Severity of Illness Index

Substances

  • Benzamides
  • Benzyl Compounds
  • itopride