Oxygen cost of exercise hyperpnea: measurement

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1992 May;72(5):1810-7. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1992.72.5.1810.


To quantitate the O2 cost of maximal exercise hyperpnea, we required eight healthy adult subjects to mimic, at rest, the important mechanical components of submaximal and maximal exercise hyperpnea. Expired minute ventilation (VE), transpulmonary and transdiaphragmatic (Pdi) pressures, and end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) were measured during exercise at 70 and 100% of maximal O2 uptake. At rest, subjects were given visual feedback of their exercise transpulmonary pressure-tidal volume loop (WV), breathing frequency, and EELV, which they mimicked repeatedly for 5 min per trial over several trials, while hypocapnia was prevented. The change in total body O2 uptake (VO2) was measured and presumed to represent the O2 cost of the hyperpnea. In 61 mimicking trials with VE of 115-167 l/min and WV of 124-544 J/min, VE, WV, duty cycle of the breath, and expiratory gastric pressure (Pga) integrated with respect to time (integral of Pga.dt/min) were not different from those observed during maximum exercise. integral of Pdi.dt/min was 14% less and EELV was 6% greater during maximum exercise than during mimicking. The O2 cost measurements within a subject were reproducible over 3-12 trials (coefficient of variation +/- 10% range 5-16%). The O2 costs of hyperpnea correlated highly and positively with VE and WV and less, but significantly, with integral of Pdi.dt and integral of Pga.dt. The O2 cost of VE rose out of proportion to the increasing hyperpnea, so that between 70 and 100% of maximal VO2 delta VO2/delta VE increased 40-60% (1.8 +/- 0.2 to 2.9 +/- 0.1 ml O2/l VE) as VE doubled.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Exercise / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lung Volume Measurements
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
  • Respiration / physiology*
  • Respiratory Mechanics / physiology
  • Respiratory Muscles / physiology
  • Work of Breathing / physiology