Therapeutic targeting of multiple signaling pathways in malignant pleural mesothelioma

Oncology. 2005;68(4-6):500-10. doi: 10.1159/000086994. Epub 2005 Jul 13.

Abstract

The majority of malignant pleural mesotheliomas (MPMs) aberrantly express the epidermal growth factor receptor (ErbB1). We examined the efficacy of GW572016 (lapatinib), a dual inhibitor of ErbB1/ErbB2 with a panel of 10 MPM cell lines. Two of the 10 MPM cell lines, H2373 and H2452, underwent G1/S cell cycle arrest and growth inhibition with an IC(50) of 1 muM and 0.8 muM, respectively. There was no relationship between the presence or the amount of ErbB1, phospho-ErbB1, phospho-ErbB2, ErbB3, ErbB4, phospho-Akt, and Akt or the ability of lapatinib to inhibit phospho-ErbB1 in these cell lines compared to those that did not respond to lapatinib. The sensitive cell lines had a time-dependent decrease in phospho-Akt and/or ERK1/2, and an increase in p27 and when treated with lapatinib. The combination of lapatinib with U0126, LY294002 or rapamycin caused greater growth inhibition than either drug alone in the sensitive cell lines while this did not occur in the resistant cell lines. Our findings suggest that ErbB1 alone is a therapeutic target for the minority of mesotheliomas and that combining ErbB1 inhibitors with signal transduction inhibitors in mesothelioma will enhance their effectiveness. Furthermore, combinations of growth factor and signal transduction inhibitors may be needed to inhibit the growth of the majority of MPM cell lines, and therefore patients with MPM.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Butadienes / pharmacology
  • Cell Cycle / drug effects
  • Chromones / pharmacology
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • ErbB Receptors / antagonists & inhibitors
  • ErbB Receptors / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects*
  • Humans
  • Lapatinib
  • Mesothelioma / metabolism*
  • Mesothelioma / pathology
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 / metabolism
  • Morpholines / pharmacology
  • Nitriles / pharmacology
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Phosphorylation
  • Pleural Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Pleural Neoplasms / pathology
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Quinazolines / pharmacology*
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism
  • Receptor, ErbB-3 / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Receptor, ErbB-3 / metabolism
  • Receptor, ErbB-4
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Sirolimus / pharmacology
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured

Substances

  • Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
  • Butadienes
  • Chromones
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Morpholines
  • Nitriles
  • Phosphoinositide-3 Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Quinazolines
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha
  • U 0126
  • Lapatinib
  • 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one
  • ERBB4 protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors
  • Receptor, ErbB-2
  • Receptor, ErbB-3
  • Receptor, ErbB-4
  • AKT1 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
  • Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
  • Sirolimus