Intrapartum oxytocin use for labor acceleration in rural India

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2005 Sep;90(3):251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2005.05.008.


Objective: To examine factors associated with the use of oxytocin for acceleration of labor in women delivered at home in rural India.

Method: Quantitative data were collected from 527 women who were delivered at home and qualitative interviews were carried out with 21 mothers and 9 birth attendants.

Results: Oxytocin use was associated with higher education and socioeconomic status, primigravidity, and delivery by a traditional birth attendant.

Conclusion: Labor acceleration with oxytocin occurs indiscriminately In India. Oxytocin use should be regulated, and training for birth attendants should be provided as well as health education for pregnant women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Educational Status
  • Female
  • Home Childbirth / methods*
  • Home Childbirth / statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Maternal Health Services / standards*
  • Medicine, Traditional
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxytocics*
  • Oxytocin / supply & distribution
  • Oxytocin / therapeutic use*
  • Rural Health
  • Rural Health Services / standards
  • Social Class


  • Oxytocics
  • Oxytocin