Development and validation of an instrument to measure the postgraduate clinical learning and teaching educational environment for hospital-based junior doctors in the UK

Med Teach. 2005 Jun;27(4):326-31. doi: 10.1080/01421590500150874.


This paper describes the development and validation of a 40-item inventory, the Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM), by researchers in Scotland and the West Midlands using a combination of grounded theory and Delphi process. The instrument has since returned an alpha reliability >0.91 in two administrations in England and may be a useful instrument in the quality assurance process for postgraduate medical education and training.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical, Graduate*
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Learning*
  • Physicians / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • United Kingdom