Quantitative evaluation of a monoclonal antibody and its fragment as potential markers for pancreatic beta cell mass

Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes. 2005 Jul;113(7):381-7. doi: 10.1055/s-2005-865716.


Antibodies, due to their high specificities and retention, represent potential beta cell imaging agents, however their slow clearance from the blood may preclude their use. Antibody fragments (Fabs) have much higher clearance and if they can be made with similar binding characteristics, would be more efficacious agents. An existing beta cell specific antibody (K14D10) and its Fab were evaluated with a previously developed screening assay. The Fab and the intact immunoglobulin (IgG) had similar affinities (6 - 20 nM), binding sites (300 000 - 700 000 sites/cell), and binding kinetics (t (1/2) = 8 - 18 minutes) for beta cells. However, the cellular specificity was far below the estimated requisite values needed to overcome the very low beta cell mass in the pancreas. The Fab cleared the blood twice as fast as the IgG, but did not preferentially accumulate into pancreas. Thus, generation of Fabs from IgGs with high beta cell binding and blood clearance appears feasible, but in order for molecules to be useful for tracking beta cell mass, antibodies of greater cellular specificity will have to be used.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / genetics
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacokinetics
  • Antibody Affinity / immunology
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Base Sequence
  • Binding Sites, Antibody
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / immunology*
  • Immunoconjugates / immunology*
  • Immunoconjugates / pharmacokinetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments / pharmacology
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Islets of Langerhans / immunology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred F344
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Immunoconjugates
  • Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments
  • Iodine Radioisotopes