Aims: Diagnostic screening of NEUROD1 in patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) without mutations in the known MODY-genes (MODYX) and in subjects diagnosed with gestational diabetes mellitus.
Methods: Direct sequencing of NEUROD1 was performed in (i) 73 probands with clinical MODY without mutations in hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-4alpha (MODY1), glucokinase (MODY2) and hepatocyte nuclear factor (HNF)-1alpha (MODY3), and (ii) 51 subjects diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Control material consisted of 105 anonymous blood donors.
Results: Mean age at diagnosis of diabetes was 22 and 30 years in the MODYX patients and gestational diabetes mellitus subjects, respectively. Mean fasting blood glucose (9.6 +/- 4.3 vs. 5.7 +/- 1.0 mml/l) as well as glycosylated haemoglobin (8.2 +/- 2.4 vs. 6.0 +/- 0.6%) were higher in the MODYX patients than subjects with gestational diabetes. NEUROD1 mutations were not detected in our two study groups. Three previously reported polymorphisms were found: Ala45Thr, Pro197His and IVS1 -32 nt C>T. The amino acid substitution serine to cysteine in codon 29 (designated Ser29Cys) was detected in one out of 105 control subjects. As the control material consisted of anonymous blood donors, we were prevented from investigation of possible co-segregation between the sequence variant Ser29Cys and diabetes mellitus.
Conclusions: As we found no NEUROD1 mutations, diagnostic screening for this gene is not warranted in Norwegian MODYX patients. Our study also suggests that NEUROD1 is not a candidate gene in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The sequence variant Ser29Cys was identified in one anonymous DNA sample, but we were prevented from studying possible co-segregation with diabetes mellitus.