Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of global gene ablation of SSTR5 on the endocrine pancreas, insulin secretion, and glucose tolerance in aging mice, as SSTR5 is a primary regulator of insulin secretion in the mouse pancreas.
Methods: Global SSTR5-/- mice were generated and genotypes were verified using Southern blot and RT-PCR. Glucose tolerance and in vivo insulin secretion in SSTR5-/- and WT mice were examined using intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (IPGTT;1.2-2.0 mg/kg) at 3 and 12 months of age (n = 8 per group). Basal and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in vitro was studied using the isolated perfused mouse pancreas model at 3 and 12 months. Pancreata were removed and levels of insulin, glucagon, somatostatin, and SSTR1 were studied using immunohistochemical analysis along with H&E staining of the pancreata.
Results: Genotyping verified the absence of SSTR5 in SSTR5-/- mice. IPGTT demonstrated that 3-month-old SSTR5-/- mice were glucose intolerant despite similar insulin secretion both in vivo and in vitro and enlarged islets. At 12 months of age, SSTR5-/- mice had basal hypoglycemia and improved glucose intolerance associated with hyperinsulinemia in vivo and in vitro and enlarged islets. SSTR5-/- mice had increased insulin clearance at 3 and 12 months of age. SSTR1 expression was significantly increased in islets at 3 months of age, but was nearly absent in islets at 12 months of age, as was somatostatin staining in SSTR5-/- mice.
Conclusions: These results suggest that both SSTR5 and SSTR1 play a pivotal role in insulin secretion and glucose regulation in mice and that their regulatory effects are age-related.