Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 7: intractable low-back pain without stenosis or spondylolisthesis

J Neurosurg Spine. 2005 Jun;2(6):670-2. doi: 10.3171/spi.2005.2.6.0670.


Class I medical evidence exists in support of the use of lumbar fusion as a treatment standard for carefully selected patients with low-back pain intractable to the best medical management. There is Class III medical evidence that suggests that a course of intensive cognitive and physical therapy may be an efficacious treatment option for the treatment of patients with chronic disabling low-back pain.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / surgery*
  • Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery
  • Spinal Diseases / surgery*
  • Spinal Fusion / standards*
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis