Audiological and vestibular features in affected subjects with USH3: a genotype/phenotype correlation

Int J Audiol. 2005 May;44(5):307-16. doi: 10.1080/14992020500060610.


The aims were to compare the genotype/phenotype relationship between USH3 mutations and the consequent hearing and vestibular phenotype; and to compare hearing loss (HL) progression between Usher syndrome types IB, IIA and USH3. Genetic, audiometric and vestibular examinations were performed in 28 subjects with USH3. Five different mutations in USH3 were identified. Severe HL was present from an early age (4 to 6 years) in 35% of subjects with USH3. Progression of HL begins in the first decade, and approximately 50% of subjects with USH3 become profoundly deaf by age 40. Various vestibular abnormalities were found in about half (10/22) of the tested subjects with USH3. Depending on the severity of HL, subjects with USH3 might be misdiagnosed as either Usher type IB or IIA. The results from this study can be used as discriminatory features in differential diagnosis of this syndrome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / genetics*
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / physiopathology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Audiometry, Pure-Tone
  • Auditory Threshold / physiology
  • Caloric Tests
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Hearing Disorders / etiology
  • Hearing Disorders / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Syndrome
  • Vestibular Diseases / etiology
  • Vestibular Diseases / genetics*


  • CLRN1 protein, human
  • Membrane Proteins