Background: Patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism often require therapy that provides long-term control of parathyroid hormone concentrations without increasing calcium and phosphorus concentrations. Cinacalcet modulates the calcium-sensing receptor on the parathyroid gland to reduce secretion of parathyroid hormone and lower serum calcium, phosphorus and calcium-phosphorus product in haemodialysis patients.
Methods: Dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism [parathyroid hormone (PTH) level > or =300 pg/ml] who were enrolled in one of four phase 2 placebo-controlled studies were eligible to enroll in an open-label extension study in which all patients received cinacalcet. For this extension study, cinacalcet was initiated at 30 mg in all patients and the dose was escalated to a maximum of 180 mg once daily if PTH concentrations were >250 pg/ml. Use of concomitant vitamin D sterols and phosphate binders was not restricted.
Results: The analysis of all patients (n = 59) completing 100 weeks of cinacalcet treatment showed long-term control of PTH and calcium-phosphorus product. Approximately 55% achieved a PTH concentration < or =300 pg/ml at the week-100 study visit, and approximately 60% had at least a 30% reduction in PTH from baseline. Serum calcium, phosphorus and the calcium-phosphorus product did not increase during the study. Concomitant vitamin D sterol and phosphate binder therapy remained stable. Cinacalcet was safe and generally well tolerated at doses up to 180 mg/day.
Conclusions: In this long-term study, cinacalcet effectively sustained reductions in PTH for up to 3 years without increasing concentrations of serum calcium, phosphorus or calcium-phosphorus product.