The prevalence of hypertension and its association with other cardiovascular disease risk factors in a representative sample of the Lebanese population

J Hum Hypertens. 2005 Nov;19(11):861-8. doi: 10.1038/sj.jhh.1001909.


Hypertension is a well-known major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. This study has been designed to assess the prevalence of hypertension, its co-occurrence with other cardiovascular risk factors and its association with cardiovascular diseases in a representative sample of Lebanese population. A pretested questionnaire was administered to 2125 adults aged equal or above 30 years old from all regions in Lebanon and proportionate with the respective population density. Data revealed that 23.1% of the respondents admitted being hypertensive, with no statistically significant difference between male and female patients. Prevalence of hypertension increased with age (P < 0.01) and hypertension tended to occur more in the less educated and the unemployed (P < 0.01). Only 45.7% of hypertensive patients followed a low fat diet while 14.7% exercised daily. The prevalence of hypertension increased significantly with an increase in body mass index particularly in female patients. Among the hypertensive respondents, 23.9% were diabetic, 38.1% were hyperlipidaemic and 9.1% were both diabetic and hyperlipidaemic. Co-occurrence of hypertension with diabetes, hyperlipidaemia or both was more common in female patients compared to male patients. In addition, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI) and atherothrombosis occurred in hypertensive respondents at rates of 2.4, 4.3 and 9.5%, respectively. Hypertensive female patients reported more stroke and atherothrombotic episodes compared to male patients, whereas hypertensive male patients had more MIs. Based on these results it is very important to address the issue of lifestyle modification for the prevention and treatment of hypertension and awareness campaigns should stress the fact that cardiovascular diseases are not only restricted to men.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Lebanon / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors