U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) clinical guidelines for tobacco treatment recommend that providers routinely counsel smokers using a five-step algorithm (5A's): ask about tobacco use, advise smokers to quit, assess interest in quitting, assist with treatment, and arrange follow-up. A potential barrier to compliance is providers' concern that addressing smoking might alienate smokers, especially those not ready to quit. A survey was mailed to 1,985 patients seen at one of eight Boston-area primary care practices from January 1 to March 31, 2003, and identified as smokers by chart review. The survey assessed respondents' receipt of the 5A's at their visit and their satisfaction with the provider's tobacco treatment and with their overall health care. We used multivariable logistic regression models to assess the association between satisfaction with care and patient-reported receipt of each 5A step, adjusted for age, sex, education, race, health status, smoking intensity, readiness to quit, and length of relationship with provider. Of 1,160 respondents (58% response rate), 765 reported that they smoked at the time of the visit. They reported high levels of satisfaction with their tobacco-related care and overall care. Patient-reported receipt of each 5A step was significantly associated with greater patient satisfaction with tobacco-related care and with overall health care, even after adjusting for a smoker's readiness to quit smoking. Satisfaction with overall health care increased as counseling intensity increased. Patient reports of smoking cessation interventions delivered during primary care practice are associated with greater patient satisfaction with their health care, even among smokers not ready to quit. Providers can follow USPHS guidelines with smokers without fear of alienating those not yet considering quitting.