Paired opposite clear corneal incisions to correct preexisting astigmatism in cataract patients

J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Jun;31(6):1167-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2004.11.053.


Purpose: To evaluate the astigmatic correcting effect of paired opposite clear corneal incisions on steep axis in cataract patients.

Setting: Sligo General Hospital, Sligo, Ireland.

Methods: Fifteen eyes of 14 cataract patients with a mean age of 78.4 years +/- 6.38 (SD) (range 69 to 90 years) were recruited for the study. Inclusion criterion was topographic astigmatism of more than 2 diopters (D) in the cataractous eye. Preoperative refraction, autokeratometry, and topography were performed. The steep axis was marked before sub-Tenon's anesthesia was given. Paired 3-step self-sealing opposite clear corneal incisions were made 1 mm anterior to limbus on the steep axis with a 3.2 mm keratome. One incision was used for standard phacoemulsification, and the other was left unused for astigmatic correction. All the patients had day-case surgery. The first follow-up was at 1 month. Postoperative topography, keratometry, and refraction were performed on all patients.

Results: Mean preoperative and postoperative topographic corneal astigmatism were 3.26 +/- 1.03 D (range 2.30 to 5.80 D) and 2.02 +/- 1.04 D (range 0.20 to 4.00 D), respectively. Mean astigmatic correction was 1.23 +/- 0.49 D (range 0.30 to 2.20 D). Mean surgically induced astigmatism by vector analysis was 2.10 +/- 0.79 D (range 0.80 to 3.36 D). There were no incision-related complications.

Conclusion: Paired opposite clear corneal incisions on the steep axis is a useful way to correct astigmatism in cataract patients, requiring no extra skill or instrumentation.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Astigmatism / complications
  • Astigmatism / physiopathology
  • Astigmatism / surgery*
  • Cataract / complications*
  • Cataract / physiopathology
  • Cornea / surgery*
  • Corneal Topography
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Keratotomy, Radial / methods*
  • Lens Implantation, Intraocular*
  • Phacoemulsification*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Refraction, Ocular / physiology
  • Visual Acuity / physiology