Purpose: To determine whether baseline serum uric acid (UA) levels and estrogen-progestin (E+P)-associated change in serum UA in postmenopausal women with coronary disease are associated with recurrent coronary heart disease (CHD) events.
Methods: 2763 postmenopausal women enrolled in the Heart and Estrogen-Progestin Replacement Study (HERS) were randomly assigned to take conjugated E+P or placebo in a secondary CHD prevention study. The primary outcome for these analyses was nonfatal myocardial infarction or CHD death during a mean follow up of 4.1 years.
Results: The baseline serum UA for the cohort was 5.4 mg/dl and, compared with placebo, E+P on average lowered serum UA levels slightly (0.2 mg/dl) at one year of follow up (p<0.0001). Baseline serum UA levels were associated in simple proportional hazards models with CHD events; each standard deviation increase (1.3 mg/dl) was associated with a 22% increased risk of primary CHD events (p=.0001). This association, however, was no longer statistically significant after multivariable adjustment (p=0.36). There was no association between on-study change in serum UA level and any CHD outcome.
Conclusion: Treatment with E+P lowered serum UA levels slightly, but neither baseline UA nor change in UA affected CHD risk.