Chronic thalamic-VIM stimulation was performed in 9 parkinsonian patients with disabling tremor and poor response to drugs. Neuropsychological assessment was performed before and after deep brain electrode implantation and stimulation. Mild cognitive disorders were observed prior to thalamic implantation. Neuropsychological testing failed to show intellectual function worsening after implantation and stimulation. We conclude that thalamic stimulation could be an appropriate treatment of untractable tremor as this could provide less neuropsychological side-effects than thalamotomy, especially in Parkinson's disease.