The anticoagulant fraction from the leaves of Diospyros kaki L. has an antithrombotic activity

Arch Pharm Res. 2005 Jun;28(6):667-74. doi: 10.1007/BF02969356.


The leaves of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) has long been used for tea in Korea since it was thought to be effective against hypertension. An anticoagulant fraction was purified through gel filtration G-100, hydrophobic, gel filtration G-150, and FPLC, Phenyl superpose column chromatographies. The purified fraction was homogenous and its Mr was estimated 10,000 Da by gel filtration and SDS-PAGE. The purified fraction was sensitive to treatment of subtilisin B, but not to heat and its activity was not changed after periodate oxidation, indicating that the activity was not due to carbohydrates. It delayed thrombin time (TT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (PT) using human plasma. TT was more sensitive than APTT and PT, suggesting that the anticoagulant activity may be caused by a degradation or a defect of fibrin or thrombin. It did not cause the hydrolysis of fibrin after incubation. However, it inhibited thrombin-catalyzed fibrin formation with a competitive inhibition pattern. These results indicate that it may be an antithrombotic agent and that it is bound to fibrinogen binding sites of thrombin.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anticoagulants / chemistry
  • Anticoagulants / isolation & purification
  • Anticoagulants / pharmacology*
  • Blood Coagulation / drug effects
  • Diospyros / chemistry*
  • Endopeptidases / pharmacology
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / chemistry
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / isolation & purification
  • Fibrinolytic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Partial Thromboplastin Time
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry
  • Prothrombin Time
  • Subtilisins / pharmacology
  • Thrombin Time


  • Anticoagulants
  • Fibrinolytic Agents
  • Plant Extracts
  • Endopeptidases
  • Subtilisins