Advancement flaps: a basic theme with many variations

Dermatol Surg. 2005 Aug;31(8 Pt 2):986-94. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2005.31823.


Background: The advancement flap involves the linear advancement of tissue in one direction. Despite its straightforwardness and simple concept, it can be used to close a variety of defects, ranging from small defects on the scalp or extremities to large, complicated defects involving cosmetic units on the face.

Objectives: To provide a basic and useful review for the indications, advantages, disadvantages, and techniques for the use of advancement flaps in the reconstruction of defects in dermatologic surgery.

Materials and methods: We performed a literature search for articles discussing advancement flaps and compiled a brief review of our findings.

Results: The movement of the advancement flap must be balanced by the blood supply of the flap. The excision of Burow's triangles along various aspects of the advancement flap can increase movement and improve cosmesis of the flap. The types of advancement flaps discussed include the single advancement flap, double advancement flap, A-T flap (O-T flap), Burow's triangle flap (Burow's wedge flap), crescenteric advancement flap, island pedicle flap (V-Y flap), helical rim advancement flap, and facelift flap.

Conclusion: Advancement flaps are versatile and useful basic flaps for repairing defects.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Skin Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Surgical Flaps*