Status incongruence and serum cholesterol in an English general practice

Soc Sci Med. 1992 Apr;34(7):757-62. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(92)90362-t.


The relationship between status incongruence and serum cholesterol was examined in a case-control study carried out in an English general practice population. Patients (n = 54) with elevated serum cholesterols (greater than or equal to 7.0 mmol/l) were compared to age and sex matched controls (n = 54). A specific type of status incongruence--lifestyle incongruity--was measured as the degree to which style of life (material consumption and status-enhancing behaviors) exceeded occupational status. Lifestyle incongruity was associated with higher serum cholesterol and an increased odds of being a case. This association was independent of age, sex, the body mass index, family history of cardiovascular disease, alcohol use, and, for women, menopausal status. Implications of these results for research on social inequality and the risk of cardiovascular disease are discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Cholesterol / blood*
  • Coronary Disease / epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease / etiology
  • England / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hyperlipidemias / diagnosis
  • Hyperlipidemias / epidemiology
  • Hyperlipidemias / etiology
  • Life Style*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupations
  • Physicians, Family
  • Pilot Projects
  • Risk Factors
  • Social Class*
  • Socioeconomic Factors


  • Cholesterol